Monday, December 28, 2009

DRABC....not ABC!!


i would like to share with you guys about this useful method which is very important for our basic knowledge, but truly from me, i just heard bout this to "someone" that realized me bout all of those "information".After sometimes i spend bout an hour "menggoogle" and it's my pleasure to share with all of you...sharing is caring..rite??

If you happen to come across a casualty, you will need to assess the situation before anything else. It can be useful to remember DRABC, which stands for Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing and Circulation.

First and foremost, ensure that you or the casualty aren't in any danger. First of all, make the situation safe and then assess the casualty.

Check the casuality to see if they are conscious. If you are not sure or the casuality seems unconscious you can check this by shouting:

'Hello', 'Can you hear me?', repeat this while gently shake their shoulders.

If There is a Response
  • If you can see no further danger, leave the casualty in the position that you found them and call for help (999) if needed
  • Treat any injuries found, if you can. Make sure you monitor crucial signs, including their level of response, their pulse and their breathing.
  • Continue monitoring and speaking to the casualty either until help arrives or they recovers
If There is No Response
  • Shout out for help to people passing by, they can then call for help while you stay with the casuality.
  • If at all possible, try to leave the casualty in the position you found them in and open their airway.
  • If this is not possible, gently roll the casualty onto their back and then open their airway.

To open the airway, put one hand on the casualty's forehead whilst gently tilting their head back.

This will move the casualty's tongue away from the back of the mouth insuring they do not choke.


  • Look, feel and listen and for a maximum of 10 seconds to see if the casualty is breathing regularly
  • Look to see if the chest is inflating and deflating while listening for signs of breathing
  • You can also feel for breath against your cheek.
If and when the casualty is breathing normally, place them in the recovery position whilst check for other life-threatening conditions such as critical bleeding and treat as necessary.

Not Breathing
If the casualty is not breathing normally begin CPR immediately.


  • feel the pulse at the neck (carotid pulse)

  • if pulse is present , continue EAR at the rate of 15 breaths per minute. Check breathing anf the pulse after 1 minute, then after every 2 minutes

  • if pulse is not present, commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)

  • check breathing and the pulse after 1 minute , then after every2 minutes. If the pulse returns, continue EAR. If breathing returns , turn the casualty to a stable side position. Check for and manage shock, bleeding and other injuries

  • seek medical aid.



Fakir IlaAllah said...

baru primaru survey dr,..
2nd survey x terangkan lagi,.huhu

Fakir Muhammad said...

erk.. never know bout cpr..

but great sharing though..

let's hope i don't have to practice it.. XD

wardah safwah said...

t0 Fakir IlaAllah..

apakah itu secondry survey?
dah masuk clinical mesti dah taw semua ni kn..

to Fakir Muhammad..

this is basic knowledge that everyone should know bout it, weither u're doctor or not..
"someone" that told me bout drabc is an engineer act.. brilliant engineer...i thought..hehe

*even i'm still ...not know how to do cpr..but inshaAllah i'll learn*

just imagine if there is something happen in front of you and you realize that there is nobody except u...

maybe u can call the ambulance or juz press 911 but maybe there is no time for it...

at least u know what to do & try to help right?